Application onboarding

Onboard Services

Onboard Services

The following guide describes how to onboard a Kubernetes microservice to an OSM instance.

  1. Refer to the application requirements guide before onboarding applications.

  2. Configure and Install Service Mesh Interface (SMI) policies

    OSM conforms to the SMI specification. By default, OSM denies all traffic communications between Kubernetes services unless explicitly allowed by SMI policies. This behavior can be overridden with the --set=osm.enablePermissiveTrafficPolicy=true flag on the osm install command, allowing SMI policies not to be enforced while allowing traffic and services to still take advantage of features such as mTLS-encrypted traffic, metrics, and tracing.

    For example SMI policies, please see the following examples:

  3. If an application in the mesh needs to communicate with the Kubernetes API server, the user needs to explicitly allow this either by using IP range exclusion or by creating an egress policy as outlined below.

    First get the Kubernetes API server cluster IP:

    $ kubectl get svc -n default
    kubernetes   ClusterIP     <none>        443/TCP   1d

    Option 1: add the Kubernetes API server’s address to the list of Global outbound IP ranges for exclusion. The IP address could be a cluster IP address or a public IP address and should be appropriately excluded for connectivity to the Kubernetes API server.

    Add this IP to the MeshConfig so that outbound traffic to it is excluded from interception by OSM’s sidecar:

    $ kubectl patch meshconfig osm-mesh-config -n <osm-namespace> -p '{"spec":{"traffic":{"outboundIPRangeExclusionList":[""]}}}'  --type=merge patched

    Restart the relevant pods in monitored namespaces for this change to take effect.

    Option 2: apply an Egress policy to allow access to the Kubernetes API server over HTTPS

    Note: when using an Egress policy, the Kubernetes API service must not be in a namespace that OSM manages

    1. Enable egress policy if not enabled:
    kubectl patch meshconfig osm-mesh-config -n <osm-namespace> -p '{"spec":{"featureFlags":{"enableEgressPolicy":true}}}'  --type=merge
    1. Apply an Egress policy to allow the application’s ServiceAccount to access the Kubernetes API server cluster IP found above. For example:
    kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
    kind: Egress
        name: k8s-server-egress
        namespace: test
        - kind: ServiceAccount
          name: <app pod's service account name>
          namespace: <app pod's service account namespace>
        - number: 443
          protocol: https
  4. Onboard Kubernetes Namespaces to OSM

    To onboard a namespace containing applications to be managed by OSM, run the osm namespace add command:

    $ osm namespace add <namespace> --mesh-name <mesh-name>

    By default, the osm namespace add command enables automatic sidecar injection for pods in the namespace.

    To disable automatic sidecar injection as a part of enrolling a namespace into the mesh, use osm namespace add <namespace> --disable-sidecar-injection. Once a namespace has been onboarded, pods can be enrolled in the mesh by configuring automatic sidecar injection. See the Sidecar Injection document for more details.

  5. Deploy new applications or redeploy existing applications

    By default, new deployments in onboarded namespaces are enabled for automatic sidecar injection. This means that when a new Pod is created in a managed namespace, OSM will automatically inject the sidecar proxy to the Pod. Existing deployments need to be restarted so that OSM can automatically inject the sidecar proxy upon Pod re-creation. Pods managed by a Deployment can be restarted using the kubectl rollout restart deploy command.

    In order to route protocol specific traffic correctly to service ports, configure the application protocol to use. Refer to the application protocol selection guide to learn more.

Note: Removing Namespaces

Namespaces can be removed from the OSM mesh with the osm namespace remove command:

$ osm namespace remove <namespace>

Please Note: The osm namespace remove command only tells OSM to stop applying updates to the sidecar proxy configurations in the namespace. It does not remove the proxy sidecars. This means the existing proxy configuration will continue to be used, but it will not be updated by the OSM control plane. If you wish to remove the proxies from all pods, remove the pods’ namespaces from the OSM mesh with the CLI and reinstall all the pod workloads.


Application Requirements

Namespace addition

This section describes how and why OSM monitors Kubernetes namespaces

Sidecar Injection

This section describes the sidecar injection workflow in OSM.

Application Protocol Selection

Application Protocol Selection